The Oregon state legislature has also passed strong laws banning workplace discrimination based on the protected categories in the federal laws mentioned above, as well as other categories (minimum number of employees required for coverage vary under state law). Oregon's primary civil rights anti-discrimination laws are codified in the Oregon Revised Statutes ("ORS"), at Chapter 659A. State anti-discrimination laws also preclude Workers Compensation discrimination. ORS 659A.040 (6 employees). It is likewise unlawful to discriminate against employees for utilizing medical leave laws such as the Family Medical Leave Act ("FMLA") (passed in 1993, covering employers of 50 employees or more) and the Oregon Family Leave Act ("OFLA") (25 employees), which we discuss under the "Employment Leave" heading.
Under both state and federal law, there are other targeted areas of anti-discrimination law (one state, Michigan, has an anti-discrimination law barring discrimination based on weight). There are differences between Oregon and federal law that an employment attorney can explain (e.g., age discrimination in Oregon is unlawful regardless of the employee's age, whereas under the federal ADEA only employees 40 and older are protected).
Basic principles of Oregon employment discrimination law.
A description of the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI) Civil Rights complaint process.
Oregon and federal law prohibit employers from using age as a basis for making employment-related decisions in a variety of situations. This article provides a brief overview of Oregon and federal age discrimination laws.
In this article, we review some of the statutes prohibiting race discrimination in the workplace and also discuss some of the reasons why litigation of race discrimination cases is important albeit challenging.