Oregon and federal OSHA laws provide general workplace safety rules and industry-specific regulations. Workplace safety regulations vary widely on a case-by-case basis. However, generally speaking, "[e]very employer shall furnish employment and a place of employment which are safe and healthful for employees therein[.]" ORS 654.010.
The vast majority of on-the-job injury claims are resolved through Oregon's workers' compensation system. The workers' compensation system ensures that covered workers receive payments for medical expenses and lost wages from work-related injuries regardless of fault. Employers that fail to maintain workers' compensation coverage may be liable outside of the workers' compensation system. Likewise, special rules may apply in cases where third-parties (i.e., parties outside the employer-employee relationship) or employers engaged in highly dangerous activities cause work-related injuries.
Oregon employment laws prohibit discrimination or retaliation against any worker "because the worker has applied for benefits or invoked or utilized [workers' compensation] procedures [..] or has given testimony under [related] provisions of those laws." ORS 659A.040. Workers are also entitled to certain reinstatement and reemployment rights, the details of which depend on the employer's business and the employee's specific situation.
An overview of Oregon OSHA reporting laws.